Best 10 architecture projects of 2020

A selection buildings and interventions published this year: from the challenges of density to the experiments in materiality, from reclaiming space for the public realm to building as a tool for inclusion.

2020 has been a year we will probably never forget, even if we are all looking forward for it to end. In the architecture sector, which deals with the production of something that is inevitably physical, working in building sites in a year of pandemic has been a challenge in many countries. Along with that, the design of buildings, which is always a collective effort, has been often carried out in an unprecedented way, due to social distancing measures and remote working.
As we know, architecture requires a certain amount of time to be transferred from the first sketch to the final result. For some of the buildings we chose to represent this year, it took more than ten years to be completed. Most (and probably all) of these buildings have been conceived much before the pandemic took place.
While we remain curious to see if and how the pandemic will affect architecture, we rounded up this selection starting from the perspective of what we wish to see more of in the coming years: buildings as tool for inclusion, material expressions interpreting the memory of a place, or aspects of particular cultures, and interventions reclaiming an urban presence for the public realm.

A crafted tower in Beirut by Lina Ghotmeh

Paris-based and Beirut-born architect Lina Ghotmeh, introduced us to the Stone Garden mixed-used tower back in 2019, when the building was about to be delivered. In the afternoon of 4 August 2020, when a disastrous explosion broke at the port of the city of Beirut, caused major damages in the area and left an estimated 300,000 people homeless. The tower, a few kilometers away from the site, was damaged too. As Lina Ghotmeh told Domus, “Stone Garden is a constant reminder of what Beirut lived during the Civil War of the 1990s, it is an invitation not to repeat history but to cherish life and cohesion”. This important message has been even more valid after the tragic event.
Read the full article here.
 

Steven Holl’s Kinder Building in Houston

The expansion of the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, one of the most important and large institutions of this kind in the States, has been inaugurated on November 21st. The Kinder Building, along with the Glassell School of Art, has brought a new dimension to the historical campus. In the occasion of the opening, we discussed the project with Steven Holl and Chris McVoy, the office’s senior partner, that told us about the genesis and challenges of a building that represents 20 years of experimentation on the typology of the museum.
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Álvaro Siza and the urban dimension of the collective housing

This year we had a preview visit to the second completed work of the Portuguese master in Italy, designed with COR Arquitectos. The story of the visit to the site in Gallarate, Milan, once again confirmed us Siza’s ability to mend different urban fabrics, to renew typologies, and to solve complexity within a rather small plot.
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Sophie Delhay’s twist on collective dwellings

Paris-based architect Sophie Delhay continues the longstanding French tradition for collective dwellings with a 32 housing units complex in Dijon, maximizing the natural light and the variety in the layout of the units. In this project, the domestic space becomes, in name and in fact, monumental, with the séjour-cathédrale, the “cathedral living room,” as the architect herself described it.
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Anna Heringer, building as a tool for inclusion

The Anandaloy center is a milestone of almost two decades of reseach engaged by Studio Anna Heringer on rammed earth and its implications as a construction material. Moreover, for this center for people with disabilities, Heringer suggested the integration of the program with the working spaces of Dipdii Textile, a textile laboratory for Rudrapur’s women, activated with Veronika Lang and the NGO Dipshikha. Both the material result and the combination of the two functions, make us want to remember this ethos-driven project in the path towards a more inclusive economic and socio-cultural backdrop for architecture.
Read the full article here.

Refined graftings in Museum de Lakenhal

The expansion and restoration of the Museum de Lakenhal historic headquarters pay tribute to the textile tradition of the Dutch city of Leiden. As a result of the collaboration between Happel Cornelisse Verhoeven and Julian Harrap Architects, the project integrates the urban block with refined graftings and additions, drawing inspiration from the traditional buildings of the city. On the edge between classicism and abstraction, the project provides a striking formal response to the brief.
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An “emergency scenery” in Catalonia

Born out of a punctual intervention of de-densification that opened a void in the urban fabric, Can Sau by Unparelld'arquitectes is a small yet surprising intervention in Olot, Catalonia. This project reclaims a new civic dimension for the small town while envisioning new possibilities of intervention by injecting the new in the presence of historical heritage.
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The world’s biggest chocolate museum by Christ & Gantenbein

The headquarters of Lindt & Sprüngli is a complex of buildings which have stratified over time, now welcoming a contemporary addition of the finest quality. The Lindt Home of Chocolate is designed by Christ & Gantenbein as a company museum open to the public and a research center, and  is now the world’s biggest chocolate museum. Its brick facade and white core define a spatial and formal result that, in the words of Emanuel Christ, “bridge the substantial gap between a commercial ambience and classical grandeur”.
Read the full article here.

A school complex and civic centre in Burkina Faso