Under Stalin, dachas were allocated to representatives of the Communist Party's scientific and cultural elite. They were typically large plots of land in scenic locations, built together with a cottage of standard design. The next stage in the history of dachas came with Khrushchev's rule during the 1950s and '60s, when the plots were issued to employees of various enterprises and factories, and the settlements were kitted out according to profession. The Stalinist format was reduced—standard plots became as much as ten times smaller—while the houses were usually built by the owners themselves according to strictly limited designs.
The Beryozka-6 settlement was founded in 1989, at the twilight of the Soviet era. Originally it was known as "Avtobusniki" (which literally translates as "the bus people"), because plots were distributed among employees of the bus fleet in Moscow's Yasenevo district. As the year associated with the planned economy's final defeat, 1989 was one of the toughest in the Soviet Union's history. To help dacha owners, the managers of the bus depot decided to give each worker half a written-off Ikarus 280.
In a sense, these Ikaruses echo the fate of the renowned Soviet five-storey residential buildings, the first examples of modular housing in Russia
Together with their dachas, the inhabitants have also evolved. If the first typical dacha inhabitants were professors or generals, and then employees and factory workers, nowadays the ideal occupant of Avtobusniki could be the robot Bender from Futurama, in the guise of a Soviet pensioner. Sergei Kulikov is an architecture historian and researcher